Technical Appendices
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APPENDIX A
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
 
Active Recreation
Recreation requiring formally laid out open space (for example team sports).
 
Agricultural Land Classification
Grades 1, 2 and 3a land, according to the MAFF (now DEFRA) Agricultural Land Classification, are the best and most versatile land. It is the most flexible, productive and efficient in response to inputs and is a natural resource for the future. (Precise grading and subdivision of grade 3 can only be achieved by specific survey.)
 
Agriculture
"Agriculture" includes horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming, the breeding and keeping of livestock (including any creature kept for the production of food, wool, skins or fur, or for the purpose of its use in the farming of land), the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes, and "agricultural" shall be construed accordingly. (Source; Town and Country Planning Act 1990, Section 336)
 
"Agri-Industry"
For the purpose of this plan, the term "Agri-industry" means all processes of an industrial or warehousing type related to agriculture requiring planning permission. This includes not only centralised storage, processing and servicing activities, such as grain stores, fertiliser stores, vegetable and fruit processing, grain dryers, agricultural machinery servicing, crop spraying and straw processing, but also intensive food production units such as stock and poultry-rearing, egg production and mushroom farming.
 
Agriculturally Un-improved Grassland
Grassland that is composed of a mixed assemblage of indigenous species in essentially semi-natural communities which has been allowed to develop without the major use of herbicides or inorganic fertilisers.
 
Ancient Woodland
Woodlands which have developed particular ecological characteristics as a result of their long continuity. Those identified to date are included on the Hampshire Inventory of Ancient Woodlands.
 
Article 4 Direction
If the local planning authority is satisfied that it is expedient that development permitted by Article 3, and listed in Schedule 2 of the Town and Country Planning General Development Order 1988 (G.D.O.), should not be carried out in any particular area unless permission is granted, it may, under Article 4 of the G.D.O. direct that permitted development rights are removed for all or any development of all or any of the classes listed in Schedule 2.
 
Building of Local Interest
In this plan, a building of local interest is one that is not nationally listed but is considered by the local planning authority to be of local architectural or historic interest. A list of such buildings is kept at the District Council offices where it is available for viewing.
 
CAPS
Conservation Area Proposal Statement prepared under S71 of the Planning (Listed Buildings & Conservation Areas) Act.
 
C.P.O.
Compulsory Purchase Order
 
DEFRA
Department of Environment Farming & Rural Affairs.
 
Formal Open Space
Land laid out with recreational facilities such as pitches.
 
G.D.O.
The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995
 
Hypermarket
A large, single level, self-service store offering a wide range of food and non-food goods with a sales area of at least 4,700 square metres (500,000 square feet) and supported by car parking.
 
Informal Open Space
Open land with no recreational facilities provided.
 
 
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Key Settlements
Those settlements that, in the context of Hart District and the requirements of PPG13, are large enough to be considered either as towns or as rural centres, providing a basic level of infrastructure and services that is not available in the smaller settlements. The remaining settlements defined in the plan fall below that threshold and cannot be regarded as rural centres, so they are regarded as rural settlements.
 
Listed Building
A building which has been included in the national List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, compiled by the Secretary of State for National Heritage.
 
MAFF
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Now replaced by DEFRA (Department of Environment Farming & Rural Affairs).
 
Notable and Protected Species
"Notable species" of higher or lower plants, birds, invertebrates, reptiles, amphibians and mammals, as referred to in Appendix C, will include Nationally Rare Species from the Red Data Book (which are species present in 15 or fewer 10 km. squares in the UK), Nationally Scarce Species (which are species present in a 16 to 100 10 km. squares in the UK), those species covered under Schedules 1, 5 and 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981), Annex 1 of the EC Bird Directive 79/409 and Annex IV of the EC Directive 92/43/EEC "The Habitats Directive" and those covered by the Bern, Bonn and Ramsar Conventions. Notable species, for the purposes of identification of SINCs, will also include species, which are considered rare to Hampshire, where they occur in significant numbers.
 
Passive Recreation
Recreational pursuits requiring informal open space.
 
PPG
Planning Policy Guidance by Central Government
 
"Previously Developed Land"
"Previously developed land" is that which is or was occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural or forestry buildings), and associated fixed surface infrastructure1. The definition covers the curtilage of the development 2. Previously developed land may occur in both built-up and rural settings. The definition includes defence buildings and land used for mineral extraction and waste disposal 3 where provision for restoration has not been made through development control procedures 4.
The definition excludes land and buildings that are currently in use for agriculture or forestry purposes, and land in built up areas which has not been developed previously (e.g. parks, recreation grounds, and allotments - even though these areas may contain certain urban features such as paths, pavilions and other buildings).
Also excluded is land that was previously developed but where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape in the process of time (to the extent that it can reasonably be considered as part of the natural surroundings), and where there is a clear reason that could outweigh the re-use of the site - such as its contribution to nature conservation - or it has subsequently been put to an amenity use and cannot be regarded as requiring redevelopment 5.
 
1. In other words, the urban land uses as defined by the DETR's Land-Use Changes Statistics (excluding urban land not previously developed). See annex B of Land Use Change in England No 14 which is available at www.detr.gov.uk
2. The curtilage is defined as the area of land attached to a building. All of the land within the curtilage of a site (as defined above) will also be defined as previously developed. However, this does not mean that the whole area of the curtilage should therefore be redeveloped. For example, where the footprint of a building only occupies a proportion of a site of which the remainder is open land (such as an airfield or a hospital) the whole site should not normally be developed to the boundary of the curtilage. The local planning authority should make a judgement about site layout in this context, bearing in mind other planning considerations, such as policies for the protection of open space and playing-fields or development in the countryside, how the site relates to the surrounding area, and requirements for on-site open space, buffer strips, landscaped areas etc..
3. These land uses are in addition to the Land-Use Change Statistics "urban" groups.
4. This relates to minerals and waste sites which are to remain unrestored after use because the planning permission allowing them did not include a restoration condition. All other such sites will be restored to "greenfield" status, by virtue of the planning condition.
5. The definition does not supersede or in any way change the policy in respect of the redevelopment of major developed sites in the Green Belt set out in Annex C to Planning Policy Guidance note 2: Green Belts.
   
Regionally Important Geological / Geomorphological Sites (RIGS)
Sites of regional importance for geology or geomorphology, excluding SSSIs. RIGS are analogous to biological non-statutory sites. English Nature is promoting the identification of these sites through the establishment of local groups comprising representatives from geographical societies, local authority planning departments, museums services etc.. A RIGS group has been established in Hampshire.
 
 
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Re-use of Buildings
Re-use, change of use from an existing use, or use of a disused building.
 
Rural Buildings
Any building (other than large houses) outside the settlement boundaries.
 
Section 106 Agreement
In accordance with Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, the local planning authority may enter into an agreement with any person interested in land in its area for the purpose of restricting or regulating the development or use of the land either permanently or for an agreed period. Such an agreement may contain provisions, which may be of a financial character, if the Authority think them necessary or expedient for the purpose of the Agreement.
 
Semi-Natural Vegetation
Modified types of vegetation in which the dominant and constant species are accepted natives of Britain, and that locality and the structure of the community conforms to the range of natural vegetation types.
 
S.I.N.C.
Site of Importance for Nature Conservation: sites that are of critical importance for nature conservation but which are not nationally designated. The criteria used for designation across Hampshire, prepared by Hampshire County Council, English Nature and the Hampshire and Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust.
 
S.S.S.I.
Site of Special Scientific Interest (Nationally designated by English Nature, under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, for biological or geological/geomorphological interest).
 
S.P.A.
Special Protection Area (International designation under the European Community directive on the protection of wild birds).
 
Superstore
Similar to a hypermarket in operation although smaller in size (minimum sales area 2,300 square metres, 25,000 square feet). The range of goods sold is usually limited to food with some non-food products, the emphasis being on convenience shopping.
 
U.C.O
Use Classes Order 1987 (as amended)
 
Class A1:- Retail shop
Class A2:- Financial & professional services
Class A3:- Food and drink
Class B1:- Business
Class B2:- General industrial (Classes B3 to B7 absorbed into B2)
Class B8:- Storage or distribution
Class C1:- Hotels
Class C2:- Residential institutions
Class C3:- Dwellinghouses
Class D1:- Non-residential institutions
Class D2:- Assembly and leisure
 
 
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