Chapter 4 Implementation, Resources and Monitoring
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4.1.1 The Hart District Replacement Local Plan will be implemented:
  through the District Council, as local planning authority (in determining planning applications in accordance with the plan's proposals); and
  through the carrying out of development proposals primarily by the private sector, but in association with the local authorities and other statutory bodies where appropriate.
4.1.2 The proposals in this plan aim not only to control development, which might be detrimental to the environment, but also to encourage remedial action where damage has previously taken place and to promote positive measures to improve the environment.
4.2.1 In certain cases, the undertaking of remedial works and management measures calls for a voluntary agreement between landowner and local authority. Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 empowers local planning authorities to enter into arrangements for the purposes of restricting or regulating the development or use of an area of land. This may be appropriate in managing the use of open land around settlements.
4.2.2 Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 a local authority's powers to make management agreements are extended for the general purpose of conserving or enhancing the natural beauty of the countryside or promoting its enjoyment by the public.
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4.2.3 English Nature has powers to enter into an agreement where it is felt that a site should be managed as a nature reserve or the nature conservation interest should be retained or enhanced. Increasing areas of countryside are also being managed under the Countryside Stewardship scheme which targets the conservation and enhancement of some key landscapes, features and habitats, and where appropriate, provides for improvements in public access to them. This scheme is administered by DEFRA. Similarly, the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 makes provision for the Department of National Heritage (Ancient Monuments Section) and local authorities to make management agreements for nationally important archaeological sites. Local authorities have the power to declare Local Nature Reserves under Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
4.3.1 The likely involvement of the various authorities, agencies and private sector in implementing the plan can be summarised as follows:
Hart District Council
  i) Local planning authority functions;
  ii) Urban design and environmental improvement - promotion of high quality design and attractive surroundings, tree planting, protection of landscape and new landscape schemes;
  iii) Car parking - either independently or in conjunction with private sector developments;
  iv) Housing - possible involvement in any new housing schemes in the plan area;
  v) Conservation - management agreements with landowners;
  vi) Recreation and community uses - possible involvement in any new recreational or community facilities provided with private sector development schemes.
Hampshire County Council
  i) Local planning authority within the terms of the Town and Country Planning Regulations 1976;
  ii) Mineral planning authority and waste disposal;
  iii) Country Parks, recreational and educational land;
  iv) Highways - existing schemes proposed in the Hart District Local Plan, possible involvement in small scale improvements or traffic management measures, planning and agreeing highway improvements in association with major development schemes in conjunction with private sector, and public rights of way;
  v) Environmental improvements;
  vi) Rural conservation - management agreements with landowners;
  vii) Economic development;
  viii) The Local Education Authority - existing schemes proposed in the Hart District Local Plan, planning and agreeing improvements in education provision in association with major development schemes in conjunction with the private sector
Parish Councils
  i) Environmental improvements - possible involvement;
  ii) Recreation and community uses - possible involvement;
  iii) Consultation on development proposals and within the planning process.
Statutory Bodies
  i) Infrastructure - planning and implementing improvements to infrastructure where necessary for major new developments in conjunction with the private sector;
  ii) Rural conservation.
Private Sector
  i) Main impetus for new development - shopping, commercial, industrial and associated highway infrastructure and service improvements.
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Voluntary Sector
  i) Rural conservation, management of sites;
  ii) Environmental improvements - possible involvement.
4.4.1 Many of the proposals put forward in the plan, particularly those encouraging or enabling development, will need resources for their implementation. The two main resources necessary are finance and land.
4.4.2 The financial resources necessary for implementation will come from the public sector and/or the private sector as detailed below. The local planning authority will actively seek partnership with the private sector and other bodies to achieve a high standard of6 design in new development and to seek enhancement and upgrading of areas that are in need of positive action.
4.5.1 Some aspects of the plan are dependent on public sector expenditure, but in recent years this has been radically reduced in response to Central Government pressure. As it is unlikely that this situation will change in the near future, this plan's proposals reflect the likely level of public finance available to implement them.
4.5.2 The promotion of high standards of urban design and quality for built-up areas throughout the District will require pump priming finance from public sources in partnership with the private sector. The publication of advice and guidance and the setting up of an Urban Design Award in collaboration with appropriate agencies and the private sector can lead to increased awareness of what may be achieved.
Key Responsibilities
4.5.3 The key responsibilities of the various public sector bodies are as follows:
Local Authorities
  (i) The District Council - local open spaces, recreation, tourism, heritage and community facilities - promotion and encouragement of high standards of urban design supportive of the local plan aims and objectives - car parking and low cost housing enabling;
  (ii) The County Council - schools, major roads, public rights of way, libraries, social and service facilities, police, fire, recreation, heritage and some major open spaces.
Regional Authorities
  (i) Regional Health Authority - health centres, hospitals etc.;
  (ii) The Environment Agency - river environments, pollution control, catchment management planning.
Statutory Undertakers
  (i) Southern Electricity plc - electricity supply;
  (ii) British Gas Corporation - gas supply;
  (iii) British Telecom - telephones;
  (iv) Mid Southern Water Company - water supply;
  (v) Thames Water Utilities - foul and surface water sewerage and sewage treatment.
4.5.4 Although public bodies are responsible for providing infrastructure and services, normally they require developers to contribute towards the cost of provision or to enter into agreements with the statutory undertakers to guarantee revenue.
4.5.5 In those cases where a proposal will be implemented by a public body, the necessary finance normally will have to be allocated in the relevant budget and, for road proposals, programmed in the County Council's Transport Policy and Programme.
Finance for Rural Conservation
4.5.6 The sources of finance for rural conservation are the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Countryside Agency. The Agency will consider grant aiding any scheme that helps to conserve and enhance the natural beauty of the countryside and which relates to informal open-air recreation. This covers Country Parks, picnic sites, warden services, amenity tree planting, removal of eyesores, recreational footpaths, bridleways, long distance routes and information centres. Local authorities may also receive assistance for management projects.
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4.5.7 DEFRA runs the highly successful Countryside Stewardship Scheme, which offers grants to landowners for the traditional management of certain habitats in order to enhance their nature conservation value. Management plans must be drawn up for the areas concerned, and landowners must enter into a long-term commitment to management. Lowland heath is one of the habitat types currently benefiting from this scheme.
4.5.8 DEFRA also operates a number of "agri-environmental" measures including the Countryside Access Scheme, which aims to encourage farmers with suitable land in set-aside to make it available to the public for walking and quiet recreation.
4.5.9 English Nature can grant-aid management works on sites of ecological importance. Their Wildlife Enhancement Scheme covers management of heathland SSSIs.
4.5.10 Hampshire County Council also has funds available for rural conservation.
Finance for Tree Planting
4.5.11 Grants are made available in appropriate circumstances by the Hampshire County Council from its own funds.
4.5.12 Grants are available under the Countryside Commission Direct Grant Scheme for amenity tree planting and for the management of existing woodland. Sites must be in the countryside, in the public view and, normally, no larger than 0.25 hectares. Assistance varies from 33% to 50% of costs incurred.
4.5.13 Forest Enterprise is responsible for the management of state-owned woodland and the Forestry Commission is responsible for the administration of grants for new woodland planting. The Forestry Commission's Woodland Grant Scheme provides establishment grants for planting new woodland and re-stocking existing woodland, either by planting or natural regeneration. DEFRA's Farm Woodland Premium Scheme offers supplementary assistance in respect of planting arable land to woodland.
4.6.1 The majority of the proposals of the plan which envisage development by the private sector will be commercially attractive and are likely to attract private finance without difficulty. When development is proposed, the council may seek to negotiate planning obligations with developers to secure off-site infrastructure, environmental and other improvements where they are necessary to make a proposed development acceptable, in accordance with the advice of Circular 1/97 and PPG1.
4.7.1 The local plan will provide guidelines for development within the plan area until 2006. However, progress on the implementation of the plan's proposals will be monitored annually to ensure that they remain appropriate. The overall intention of monitoring will be to confirm that the aim of sustainable development is being achieved and in this respect the local planning authority will define Environmental Indicators as part of its Agenda 21 initiative in order to measure whether sustainability objectives are being met.
4.7.2 The monitoring of the plan will take account of such factors as:
  (i) changes in national legislation which may affect the plan area
  (ii) results of planning appeals
  (iii) programmes and policies of other public agencies
  (iv) the review of the Hampshire County Structure Plan
4.7.3 The District Council will:
  monitor those matters which may affect the planning and development of the plan area;
  assess the performance of the proposals to check that they are effective;
  review the issues and assumptions on which the Proposals are based;
  review the local plan periodically to consider whether it is necessary to amend the plan in part or to review it comprehensively;
  review the gains in urban design quality in town and village centres, and residential and commercial areas;
  review the provision of public art and other features and facilities, which support, sustain and enrich the culture and heritage interests of the District.
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4.7.4 Hampshire County Council is currently preparing a review of the Hampshire County Structure Plan. The final adopted version of this local plan will follow the review of the structure plan.